Pre K4

4-5 Years
In PreK 4 the emphasis is on number concepts, literacy skills and small muscle activity. The students will work on early literacy, pre math skills, science and journal writing and much more. Students will be provided with opportunities to gain aptitude in a variety of skills and techniques that heighten interest in their environment.

Pre- K 4 is based on the International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme that begins with the Programme of Inquiry.  An inquiry based program where students will explore the transdisciplinary theme, its central idea, key concepts and related concepts in which the central idea is based on and the lines of inquiry which will invoke questioning.

IB: Primary Years Programme

Students and teachers unpack the meaning of each attribute and how they can be applied to students’ everyday experience. Using the lines of inquiry students dive into and explore the transdisciplinary themes such as, Who we are, Where are we in place and time, How do we express ourselves , How the world works, How do we organize ourselves and Sharing the Planet.   In this framework of PYP the S.T.E.A.M philosophy is incorporate to create a well-rounded curriculum that includes literacy as well.


Science: Exploratory experiments and environmental exploration develop scientific skills and curiosity.

Technology: Interactive stories allow for greater acquisition of academic concepts.

Engineering: Planning, creating and testing designs that function and constructing large structures that stand on their own, using different mediums, such as food, to think outside the box.

Art: Students gain an appreciation of art by learning about the artists and their style of creativity.  Then transfer that knowledge into their own art.

Mathematics: Age appropriate patterning, exploring shapes, counting, estimating, sorting, and comparing/contrasting promote number sense

There is a series of Scopes and Sequences that are used to evaluate our students:

  • Knowing how we are similar to and different from others helps shape our understanding of self.
  • People make meaning through the use of symbols.
  • Organizing objects and events helps us to solve problems.
  • Use a variety of instruments and tools to measure data accurately
  • Formulate and ask questions about the past, the future, places and society
  • Safe participation requires sharing space and following rules.
  • People listen and speak to share thoughts and feelings.
  • The pictures, images, and symbols in our environment have meaning.

Social/Emotional Development

As children grow into early childhood, their world will begin to open up. They will become more independent and begin to focus more on adults and children outside of the family. They will want to explore and ask about the things around them even more. Their interactions with family and those around them will help to shape their personality and their own ways of thinking and moving. At this age children are beginning to understand the emotions their feeling, they still has very little control over them. If they find something funny, they’ll laugh hysterically. If something makes them feel sad or angry, they will burst into tears. Your preschooler is also a budding comedian. They are starting to develop a sense of humor, and love being silly and making people laugh. Empathy also begins to emerge around age 4. Four-year-olds are starting to understand that others have feelings, too, and they can relate when a friend is feeling sad or hurt.

Physical Development

At this age children’s body movements are becoming more coordinated. They can run more smoothly and stop easily. They also love to hop and skip. They are beginning to throw a ball with some ease and use two hands to catch, missing frequently. They are developing their balance and sense of equilibrium. They enjoy riding tricycles, and pushing and pulling wagons. Their fine motor skills are advancing. They can stack blocks 10 high and string beads. Completing a simple 10-piece puzzle is no longer a frustration but a victory. Coloring, painting, tearing and folding paper intrigue children at this age as they develop increasing control over their fine motor skills.

Mental Development

There are many skills that are necessary for your preschooler to retain in order for them to succeed in Elementary school. All of those skills are reinforced at Learning Ladders:

  • Learn how to solve problems. For example, she may ask another child to trade toys so they can each have a turn.
  • Observe objects with curiosity and notice differences, such as how some rocks are smooth and others are bumpy.
  • Explore cause and effect — shaking a jar of water, for instance, and noticing how it creates bubbles.
  • Practice thinking logically. They will be able to classify objects by size or likeness, for instance, and to recognize patterns.
  • Be aware of their own body in space. You may hear her say things like “I’m up high on the slide.”
  • Understand the concept of sequence
  • Use numbers and count.
  • Notice the features of people and animals that make them different.