5-6 Years
In kindergarten, students use their mental and physical strength for exploration in all disciplines. During their time at Learning Ladders, students will develop strong foundations through our curriculum, which will follow them through their academic careers. The focus is on Language Arts, Mathematics, Science/ Technology, World Languages, Performance Art, and so we will cater to the development of a well-rounded sense of wonder.
Kindergarten teachers will plan lots of discovery-oriented activities and even whole days of exploration. Kindergarten math activities can be as simple as counting the number of blocks a child uses to build a tower, singing songs about numbers, or playing games that require dice or a spinner. Kindergarten classrooms also contain many exploration areas.

In Kindergarten emphasis is on the International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme that begins with the Programme of Inquiry.  An inquiry based program where students will explore the transdisciplinary theme, its central idea, key concepts and related concepts in which the central idea is based on and the lines of inquiry which will invoke questioning.

IB: Primary Years Programme

Students and teachers unpack the meaning of each attribute and how they can be applied to students’ everyday experience. Using the lines of inquiry students dive into and explore the transdisciplinary themes such as, Who we are, Where are we in place and time, How do we express ourselves , How the world works, How do we organize ourselves and Sharing the Planet.   In this framework of PYP the S.T.E.A.M philosophy is incorporate to create a well-rounded curriculum that includes literacy as well


Science: Measurement and motion, the human body, seasons and weather, and plant and animal life cycles topics are integrated throughout the year.

Technology: Interactive stories allow for greater acquisition of academic concepts.

Engineering:  Observing/exploring, testing and implementing their own ideas, assessing and reflecting to create a better product.

Art: Students express their creativity and academic knowledge through painting and drawing.

Mathematics: Use numbers to convey numeric concepts and describe physical world using geometric concepts.

There is a series of Scope and Sequences that are used to evaluate our students:

  • Reflecting on our experiences helps us to understand ourselves better.
  • Our experiences and imagination can inspire us to create.
  • Understand that sets can be organized by different attributes
  • Interpret and evaluate data gathered in order to draw conclusions
  • Orientate in relation to place and time
  • Our bodies can move creatively in response to different stimuli.
  • People ask questions to learn from others.
  • We reflect on our artwork and the work of others.

Social/Emotional Development

In Kindergarten there are many social skills that are important for students to obtain. Some of those skills are:

  • Understands the difference between right and wrong and recognizes and respects authority figures.
  • Can communicate needs and feelings verbally in a socially appropriate manner and understands/recognizes that other people have feelings
  • Can play independently or in a small group without needing to be constantly supervised.
  • Skill: Is beginning to take turns, share, converse and play with other children without needing to be reminded and uses polite language.
  • Likes to make decisions for himself, explores new things and take some (safe) risks.

Physical Development

Your kindergarten child is mastering new physical skills. They are now more able to move their body the way they want to and, most likely, can run like the wind. In kindergarten your child will learn many new skills including:

  • Begins to establish right or left dominance, that is, show a preference for using one side of the body more strongly than the other.
  • Shows increased flexibility, strength and dexterity in small muscle groups.
  • Has the ability to climb stairs using alternating feet, can balance on one foot, hops, runs, skips and jumps.
  • Has the ability, coordination and muscle strength to be able to control breathing.
  • Can mimic movements and move in a variety of different directions.

Mental Development

In kindergarten, children build a foundation for all later academic disciplines by learning to think logically. Some skills that children of this age should be able to accomplish are:

  • Categorize objects. For instance, he may place blocks in a row from shortest to tallest, or group items by color.
  • Count ten or more objects.
  • Recognize and write numbers up to 10.
  • Sort objects into specific categories.
  • Compare the length, weight, and capacity of objects.
  • Identify and possibly draw shapes such as circles, squares, diamonds, rectangles, and triangles.
  • Understand broad concepts of time, including “yesterday,” “today,” and “tomorrow”.
  • Name the days of the week.
  • Identify the seasons of the year.